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Some authors of technical documents may prefer either mouse devices or the more generic pointing devices. The plural mouses treats mouse as a " headless noun. A Style Guide for the Computer Industry and Microsoft Manual of Style for Technical Publications from Microsoft Press — recommend that technical writers use the term mouse devices instead of the alternatives. It used a standard Canadian five-pin bowling ball. It was not patented, as it was a secret military project. Early mouse patents. From left to right: Opposing track wheels by Engelbart, Nov. Patent 3, Ball and wheel by Rider, Sept.

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Ball and two rollers with spring by Opocensky, Oct. Douglas Engelbart at the Stanford Research Institute invented the first mouse prototype in [5] with the assistance of his colleague Bill English. Engelbart never received any royalties for it, as his patent ran out before it became widely used in personal computers.


The first mouse, a bulky device pictured used two gear-wheels perpendicular to each other: Mechanical mouse devices Mechanical mouse, shown with the top cover removed Operating an opto-mechanical mouse. X and Y rollers grip the ball and transfer movement. Optical encoding disks include light holes.

Optical mouse - The Full Wiki

Infrared LEDs shine through the disks. Sensors gather light pulses to convert to X and Y vectors.

It came as part of the hardware package of the Xerox Alto computer. Perpendicular chopper wheels housed inside the mouse's body chopped beams of light on the way to light sensors, thus detecting in their turn the motion of the ball. This variant of the mouse resembled an inverted trackball and became the predominant form used Addison Optical Scroll 4D 5 Button Mouse personal computers throughout the s and s. The Xerox PARC group also settled on the modern technique of using both hands to type on a full-size keyboard and grabbing the mouse when required.

The ball mouse utilizes two rollers rolling against two sides of the ball.

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One roller detects the forward—backward motion of the mouse and other the left—right motion. The motion of these two rollers causes two disc-like encoder wheels to Addison Optical Scroll 4D 5 Button Mouse, interrupting optical beams to generate electrical signals. The mouse sends these signals to the computer system by means of connecting wires. The driver software in the system converts the signals into motion of the mouse cursor along X and Y axes on the screen. Keytronic later produced a similar product. The "Color Mouse," originally marketed by Radio Shack for their Color Computer but also usable on MS-DOS machines equipped with analog joystick ports, provided the software accepted joystick input was the best-known example.

Mechanical or opto-mechanical A mouse described as simply "mechanical" has a contact-based incremental rotary encoder ,[citation needed] a system prone to drag and unreliability of contact. Opto-mechanical mice still use a ball or crossed wheels, but detect shaft rotation using an optical encoder with lower friction and more certain performance. Early optical mice Xerox optical mouse chip Early optical mice, first demonstrated by two independent inventors incame in Addison Optical Scroll 4D 5 Button Mouse different varieties: Predictive algorithms in the CPU of the mouse calculated the speed and direction over the grid.

Others, invented by Richard F. Lyon and sold by Xeroxused a pixel visible-light image sensor with integrated motion detection on the same chip [27] [28] and tracked the motion of light dots in a dark field of a printed paper or similar mouse pad. As computing power grew cheaper, it became possible to embed more powerful special-purpose image-processing chips in the mouse itself.

This advance enabled the mouse to detect relative motion on a wide variety of surfaces, translating the movement of the mouse into the movement of the cursor and eliminating the need for a special mouse-pad. This advance paved the way for widespread adoption of optical mice. Optical mice illuminate the surface that they track over, using an LED or a laser diode. Changes between one frame and the next are processed by the image processing part of the chip and translated into movement on the two axes using an optical flow estimation algorithm. The laser enables around 20 times more surface tracking power to the surface features used for navigation compared to conventional optical mice, via interference effects.

The color of the optical mouse's light-emitting diodes can vary, but red is most common, as red diodes are inexpensive and silicon Addison Optical Scroll 4D 5 Button Mouse very sensitive to red light. Power saving in optical mice A wireless mouse on a mouse pad Manufacturers often engineer their optical mice — especially battery-powered wireless models — to save power when possible. In order to do this, the mouse dims or blinks the laser or LED when in standby mode each mouse has a different standby time.

Mice designed specifically for gamers, such as the Logitech G5 or the Razer Copperhead, often lack this feature in an attempt to reduce latency and to improve responsiveness. A typical implementation in Logitech mice has four power states, where the sensor is pulsed at different rates per second: Optical mice utilizing infrared elements LEDs or lasers offer substantial increases in battery life. Optical versus mechanical mice The Logitech iFeel optical mouse uses a red LED to project light onto the tracking surface. Download Addison Technology Optical Scroll 4D 5 Button mouse driver for Keyboards software now. 11/08/06, Addison Technology Addison Optical Scroll 4D 5 Button Mouse Scroll Mouse, Silver series, Win XP, Win 11/08/06, Addison Technology Optical Scroll 4D 5 Button mouse, Win 98SE.

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